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3rd Annual Congress on Environmental Pollution and Health, will be organized around the theme “Stop Pollution - Go green, Breath Clean”

POLLUTION AND HEALTH 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in POLLUTION AND HEALTH 2020

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Environmental pollution, the addition of any substance such as solid, liquid, fuel or any shape of energy such as heat, sound, or radioactivity to the environment at a price quicker than it can be dispersed, diluted, decomposed, recycled, or stored in some harmless form. The principal kinds of pollution, generally labeled with the aid of environment, are air pollution, water pollution, and land pollution. Modern society is also concerned about specific kinds of pollutants, such as noise pollution, moderate pollution, and plastic pollution. Pollution of all types can have bad consequences on the surroundings and natural world and regularly affects human fitness and well-being.

Related Pollution Control Agencies | Pollution Control Societies | Pollution Control Boards | Pollution Control Associations are the major contributors in our Pollution Control conferences.

Climate change can be defined as the change in the weather patterns of earth that lasts for few decades and sometimes may be for million years. Climate change is the trending and threatening issue of our time and if it is not addressed with immediate attention, then our planet earth should be ready to face severe catastrophic impacts in the future. Global warming is the defined as gradual rise in the average temperature of the Earth's atmosphere due to change in the climate.  Primary reasons for the global warming are due to industrialization and urbanization especially CO2 emissions. Major consequences due to climate change and global warming are Sea Level Rise, Ocean warming, Glacial Retreat, Shrinking of Ice Sheets, Solar Irradiance, Depletion of Ozone Layer, Natural disasters and Droughts and Heat Waves.

Conference series every year organizes  related international Pollution Conferences Pollution Control Conferences | Air pollution Conferences | Water Pollution Conferences | Global Warming Conferences | Climate Change Conferences | Environmental Conferences across the world.

Related Pollution Control Agencies | Pollution Control Societies | Pollution Control Boards | Pollution Control Associations are the major contributors in our Pollution Control conferences

Pollution control, in environmental engineering, any of a variety of means employed to limit damage done to the environment by the discharge of harmful substances and energies. Specific means of pollution control might include refuse disposal systems such as sanitary landfills, emission control systems for automobiles, sedimentation tanks in sewerage systems, the electrostatic precipitation of impurities from industrial gas, or the practice of recycling. For full treatment of major areas of pollution control, see air pollution control, wastewater treatment, solid-waste management, and hazardous-waste management.

Next to the conservation of species from the loss of biological diversity, the control of pollution is the conservation problem of greatest magnitude; it might even be argued that pollution control is more urgent and important. Ultimately, the control of pollution involves a number of social decisions: 1) not to allow the escape into the environment of substances or forms of energy that are harmful to life, 2) to contain and recycle those substances that could be harmful if released into the environment in excessive quantities, and 3) not to release into the environment substances that persist and are toxic to living things. The knowledge and technology needed to put these decisions to work are now available. Pollution control does not mean an abandonment of existing productive human activities but their reordering so as to guarantee that their side effects do not outweigh their advantages.

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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment discusses technical developments and data arising from environmental monitoring and assessment, principles in the design of monitoring systems, and the use of monitoring data in assessing the consequences of natural resource management and pollution risks.

Pollution Analysis can provide an important aid in the choice of the strategy to control the level of some hazardous elements. The difficulties in detecting polluting sources from experimental data are related not only to the adoption of suitable and systematic measuring procedure, but also to a correct management of the available information. From the theoretical point of view, the use of simplified models, coupled with classical regularization techniques, shows that, in general, the problem is badly posed and consequently, numerically ill-conditioned. Hence the possibility of using expert systems algorithms, introducing further qualitative information, improves the reliability of the solutions.

The problem is first solved using traditional procedures, showing that the distributed sources are not recognized. Afterwards, different results obtained from various algorithms derived from the assumed a-priori knowledge are examined. In this case, it is possible to obtain a more realistic situation of the pollution sources, inside the boundaries of the controlled area.

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The sources and causes of environmental pollution include the following:

Industrial activities: The industries all over the world that brought prosperity and affluence, made inroads in the biosphere and disturbed the ecological balances. The improper disposals of industrial wastes are the sources of soil and water pollution. Chemical waste resulting from industry can pollute lakes, rivers and seas and soil too as well as releasing fumes.

Fuel emissions: The smoke emitted by vehicles using petrol and diesel and the cooking coal also pollutes the environment. The multiplication of vehicles, emitting black smoke that, being free and unfettered, spreads out and mixes with the air we breathe.

Rapid urbanization and industrialization: The urbanization and the rapid growth of industrialization are causing through environmental pollution the greatest harm to the plant life, which in turn causing harm to the animal kingdom and the human lives.

Population overgrowth: Due to the increase in population, particularly in developing countries, there has been surge in demand for basic food, occupation and shelter.

Environmental pollution has negatively affected both human beings and animals. Almost all of our success in the fields of industrial progress, science and technology had so far been realized at the cost of our health. Even our flora and fauna were found to be threatened with extinction.

The environmental pollution is not caused by the fall-out from nuclear tests or industries alone. The smoke left behind the automobiles and other vehicular traffic, the increasing use of synthetic detergents, nitrogen fertilizers and insecticides contaminate both air and water.

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Pollution is the effect of undesirable changes in our environment that have harmful effects on all living Organisms. During the last few decades we have polluted our environment on which life itself depends with a variety of waste products.

Toxicology is the study of chemical or physical agents that produce adverse responses in the biological systems with which they interact.

From an Ecological point of view, pollutants can be classified as Degradable or Non-persistent pollutants which can be rapidly broken down by natural process. E.g. domestic sewage, discarded vegetables etc., Slowly-degradable or Persistent pollutants are pollutants that remain in the environment for many years in an unchanged condition and take decades or longer to degrade. e.g. DDT(pesticides) and most plastics. Non-degradable pollutants cannot be degraded by natural processes. Once they are released into the environment they are difficult to eradicate and continue to accumulate.eg: toxic elements like lead or mercury and nuclear wastes.

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Environmental sustainability is defined as responsible interaction with the environment to avoid depletion or Environment degradation of natural resources and allow for long-term environmental quality. The practice of environmental sustainability helps to ensure that the needs of today's population are met without jeopardizing the ability of future generations to meet their needs. The three pillars of sustainability are Economic development, Social development and Environmental protection.

Environmental Performance Index (EPI) is one of the most widely used measures of well-being. The weak point of this index is that it does not take into account the concept of sustainability and, more precisely, it is lacking in the environmental component specification. On the other side of the spectrum, some indicators provide useful information about the environmental health of countries but not about Human development, such as the Environmental Performance Index (EPI).

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Harmful gases like nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides are released into the atmosphere during the burning of fossil fuels. When it rains, the water droplets combine with these air pollutants becomes acidic and then falls on the ground in the form of acid rain. Acid rain can cause great damage to human, animals, and crops.

Conference series every year organizes related international Pollution Conferences Pollution Control Conferences | Air pollution Conferences | Water Pollution Conferences | Global Warming Conferences | Climate Change Conferences | Environmental Conferences across the world.

Related Pollution Control Agencies | Pollution Control Societies | Pollution Control Boards | Pollution Control Associations are the major contributors in our Pollution Control conferences

Plastic pollution, accumulation in the environment of synthetic plastic products to the point where they create problems for wildlife and their habitats as well as for human populations. In 1907 the invention of Bakelite brought about a revolution in materials by introducing truly synthetic plastic resins into world commerce. By the end of the 20th century, however, plastics were found to be persistent polluters of many environmental niches, from Mount Everest to the bottom of the sea. Whether being mistaken for food by animals, flooding low-lying areas by clogging drainage systems, or simply causing significant aesthetic blight, plastics have attracted increasing attention as a large-scale pollutant.

Plastic is a polymeric material—that is, a material whose molecules are very large, often resembling long chains made up of a seemingly endless series of interconnected links. Natural polymers such as rubber and silk exist in abundance, but nature’s “plastics” have not been implicated in environmental pollution, because they do not persist in the environment. Today, however, the average consumer comes into daily contact with all kinds of plastic materials that have been developed specifically to defeat natural decay processes—materials derived mainly from petroleum that can be molded, cast, spun, or applied as a coating. Since synthetic plastics are largely no biodegradable, they tend to persist in natural environments. Moreover, many lightweight single-use plastic products and packaging materials, which account for approximately 50 percent of all plastics produced, are not deposited in containers for subsequent removal to landfills, recycling centers, or incinerators. Instead, they are improperly disposed of at or near the location where they end their usefulness to the consumer. Dropped on the ground, thrown out of a car window, heaped onto an already full rubbish bin, or inadvertently carried off by a gust of wind, they immediately begin to pollute the environment. Indeed, landscapes littered by plastic packaging have become common in many parts of the world. (Illegal dumping of plastic and overflowing of containment structures also play a role.) Studies from around the world have not shown any particular country or demographic group to be most responsible, though population centers generate the most litter. The causes and effects of plastic pollution are truly worldwide.

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Any form of pollution that can trace its immediate source to industrial practices is known as industrial pollution. Most of the pollution on the planet can be traced back to industries of some kind. In fact, the issue of industrial pollution has taken on grave importance for agencies trying to fight against environmental degradation. Countries facing sudden and rapid growth of such industries are finding it to be a serious problem which has to be brought under control immediately.

Industrial pollution takes on many faces. It contaminates many sources of drinking water, releases unwanted toxins into the air and reduces the quality of soil all over the world. Major environmental disasters have been caused due to industrial mishaps, which have yet to be brought under control. Below are a few of the causes of industrial pollution that have resulted in environmental degradation.

Causes of Industrial Pollution

  • Lack of Policies to Control Pollution
  • Unplanned Industrial Growth
  • Use of Outdated Technologies
  • Presence of a Large Number of Small Scale Industries
  • Inefficient Waste Disposal
  • Leaching of Resources From Our Natural World

Effects of Industrial Pollution on Our Environment

  • Water Pollution
  • Soil Pollution
  • Air Pollution
  • Wildlife Extinction
  • Global Warming

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Human impact on environment in several ways, some common effects include water quality, environmental pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, depletion of natural resources and contribution to climate change. Some of these are the direct result of human activities, whereas others are secondary effects that are part of a series of actions and reactions. Though, technology is making lives of humans easier and comfortable. It poses a great threat to the environment. The threat is due to pollution, radiation hazards, exploitation of natural resources etc. Greenhouse gases and aerosols affect climate by altering incoming solar radiation and out-going infrared (thermal) radiation that are part of Earth’s energy balance. Changing the atmospheric abundance or properties of these gases and particles can lead to a warming or cooling of the climate system.
 

The increase in the human population has led to resource depletion, pollution, and climate change. Previously the climate was not considered to be affected by the land surface or the organisms present on earth. It has now been accepted that land surface plays a major role in determination of the climate. Land surfaces altered by anthropogenic activities have caused changes in land surface processes and micrometeorological parameters. Vegetation is a major factor in climate regulation and maintenance. This chapter, aims at linking complex land surface processes with anthropogenic impacts (pollution, land use change, deforestation), and their impact on the climate as well as the role of vegetation in the maintenance of climatic variables. Pollution is another devastating result of human interference, and plants have the potential to remediate polluted sites.

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Bioenergy is the single largest Renewable energy source today, providing 10% of world primary energy supply. It plays a crucial role in many developing countries, where it provides basic energy for cooking and space heating, but often at the price of severe health and environmental impacts. The deployment of advanced biomass cook stoves, clean fuels and additional off-grid biomass electricity supply in developing countries are key measures to improve the current situation and achieve universal access to clean energy facilities by 2030.

Biofuels are produced from living organisms or from metabolic by-products (organic or food waste products). In order to be considered a biofuel the fuel must contain over 80 percent renewable materials. Bio-hydrogen may be a potential biofuel available from each cultivation and from waste organic materials. Although element is created from non-renewable technologies like steam reformation of gas, rock oil processing and chemical change of coal, chlorophyte and cyanobacteria supply another route to renewable H2 production. Steam reforming of methane made by anaerobic digestion of organic waste is often used for bio-hydrogen also. Bio-plastics are any plastic material that's either bio based, perishable, or options both properties. They’re derived from renewable biomass sources, like vegetable fats and oils, corn starch, or micro-biota. Organic phenomenon is that the production of electrical potentials and currents within/by living organisms. Bioelectric potentials area unit generated by a range of biological processes and customarily zero in strength from one to some hundred millivolts.

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Risk assessment is the determination of quantitative or qualitative estimate of risk related to a well-defined situation and a recognized threat (also called hazard). Quantitative risk assessment requires calculations of two components of risk (R): the magnitude of the potential loss (L), and the probability (p) that the loss will occur. An acceptable risk is a risk that is understood and tolerated usually because the cost or difficulty of implementing an effective countermeasure for the associated vulnerability exceeds the expectation of loss. "Health risk assessment" includes variations, such as risk as the type and severity of response, with or without a probabilistic context.

In all types of engineering of complex systems sophisticated risk assessments are often made within safety engineering  and reliability engineering when it concerns threats to life, environment or machine functioning. The nuclear, aerospace, oil, rail and military industries have a long history of dealing with risk assessment. Also, medical, hospital, social service and food industries control risks and perform risk assessments on a continual basis. Methods for assessment of risk may differ between industries and whether it pertains to general financial decisions or environmental, ecological, or public health risk assessment.

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Twenty-first century air pollution control is concerned with more than just the release to atmosphere of visible pollutants such as smoke, fume and poisonous or noxious particulate matter. We may also have to restrict or even prevent releases of environmental pollutants such as greenhouse gases, those which produce ground level ozone, and those which destroy high-level atmospheric ozone.

These discharges might come from the flues of fired heaters or incinerators, and they may be the gaseous by-products of reactions, or contaminated air from ventilation or wastewater aeration.

Cyclones can be used to remove dust matter from gas streams.

Scrubbers are commonly used to remove both the traditional and novel classes of air pollutants from gaseous releases, including particulate matter. They may use water as scrubbing liquid, or may use added reagents to react with pollutants to form stable compounds.

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In recent decades, many environmental problems have increased as the result of human activities and unplanned management of the technological development those interference ecosystems.

The term "environmental protection" can be defined as the prevention to conserve and preserve the standard healthy level of environmental media by reducing the production of pollutants or polluting substances in environmental media. Various human activities have induce many undesirable effects to the environment which can be threatening human health, economic, natural resources and gene pool of ecosystems such as pollutions, greenhouse effectglobal warming and soil erosion. Therefore, the environment should be protected for a better life in future.

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